Title 49 USC § 5316, Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC), declares that the U.S. Secretary of Transportation may make grants available designed to transport welfare recipients and low income individuals to and from jobs and job related activities, and to develop transportation services for residents of urban centers and rural and suburban areas to support suburban employment opportunities.
JARC funding was repealed under MAP-21 and merged into the Section 5307 Urbanized Area Formula Grant and the Section 5311 Rural Area Formula Grant programs.
Job Access grants were intended to provide new transportation service to assist welfare recipients and other low-income individuals in getting to jobs, training, and child care. Reverse Commute grants are designed to develop transportation services to transport workers to job sites.
Grants may finance capital projects and operating costs of equipment, facilities, and associated capital maintenance items related to providing access to jobs; the cost of promoting the use of transit by workers with nontraditional work schedules; promote the use of transit vouchers for welfare recipients and eligible low income individuals; and promote use of employer-provided transportation including use of transit pass benefit programs.
For Reverse Commute grants, the following activities are eligible: