Federal Transit Administration (FTA) 5310 Program

Title 49 USC § 5310 authorizes the formula assistance program for the Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program and provides formula funding to states and designated recipients (recipients) to improve mobility for seniors and individuals with disabilities.

Under MAP-21 this program no longer provides a single apportionment to each state; it now provides apportionments specifically for large urbanized, small urbanized, and rural areas. Consistent with the type of projects eligible under the former New Freedom Program, MAP-21 expanded the eligible activities to include operating expenses.

Program Goals

Federal Transit Administration (FTA) has designed the 5310 Program to improve mobility for seniors and individuals with disabilities throughout the country by removing barriers to transportation services and expanding the transportation mobility options available.

Organizations Eligible to Receive 5310 Funds

  • Private nonprofit organizations; or
  • State or local government authority that:
    • is approved by a state to coordinate services for seniors and individuals with disabilities; or
    • certifies that there are no nonprofit organizations readily available in the area to provide the service.

Projects Eligible to Receive the 5310 Funds

Projects selected for funding under the Section 5310 program must be included in a locally developed, coordinated public transit-human services transportation plan that is developed and approved through a process that included participation by seniors, individuals with disabilities, representatives of public, private and nonprofit transportation and human services providers and other members of the public.

This program provides grant funds for capital and operating expenses to recipients for:

  • Public transportation projects planned, designed, and carried out to meet the special needs of seniors and individuals with disabilities when public transportation is insufficient, inappropriate, or unavailable;
  • Public transportation projects that exceed the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.);
  • Public transportation projects that improve access to fixed-route service and decrease reliance on complementary paratransit; and
  • Alternatives to public transportation projects that assist seniors and individuals with disabilities with transportation.

Projects That Have Been Funded In the Past with 5310 Funds

Successful past projects include:

  • Purchasing an ADA accessible van to provide demand response service
  • Purchasing dispatch/scheduling software for a non-profit human services agency
  • Purchase of rides on paratransit and taxi contractors
  • Mobility Management

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